Toxic Plants To Dogs – House Plants, Christmas Plants and Cut Flowers

Did you know that you could be putting us dogs at risk without even knowing it?

Almost everyone out there has plants of some kind in their house.  Most people don’t think twice about bringing home new plants.  Many holidays and special occasions also introduce many new kinds of plants.

People typically don’t think about the possibility of plants being dangerous to dogs because of course they didn’t buy the plants for the dogs to eat.  However, we all know that sometimes dogs eat stuff they’re not supposed to.  Sometimes we get curious about the live plants and if a leaf falls on the floor we almost have to try and eat it.

We’re going to talk about three different types of plants/flowers:

  • House plants
  • Holiday plants
  • Cut flowers

All three types of plants have specific types that can be dangerous to your dogs.

20 Common Houseplant Dangers

Most people have various houseplants around their house.  They’re popular additions to many rooms because they enhance the look and feel of the room.  However, it’s important to remember that sometimes we can’t help ourselves from taking a little taste.

Mildly Toxic

  • Aloe Vera – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite or muscle tremors
  • Antherium – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Chinese Evergreen (Algaonema) – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Corn Plant (Draceana) – Can cause vomiting, drooling and staggering
  • Croton – Can cause vomiting and diarrhea
  • Dieffenbachia – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Ficus – Contact can result in skin irritation, vomiting and diarrhea
  • Jade – Can cause vomiting, depression and staggering
  • Mother-in-Laws Tongue (Snake Plant) – Can cause vomiting and diarrhea
  • Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum) – Can result in irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Philodendron – Can result in irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Poinsettia – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Poinsettias are generally over-rated as a toxic plant. Large amounts of the plant need to be ingested for even mild toxic signs to develop
  • Pothos – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting
  • Schefflera – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, drooling and vomiting

Moderately Toxic

  • Ivy – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, breathing difficulty, fever or muscle weakness
  • Norfolk Pine – Can cause vomiting, depression, pale gums and low body temperature

Holiday Plants

Remember that ingesting bulb plants often cause the most severe illnesses.

Moderately Toxic

  • Amaryllis/Amaryllis – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression, lack of appetite, tremors, drooling and abdominal pain
  • Christmas cactus, Thanksgiving cactus, Easter cactus (Schlumbergera or Zygocactus) – Large quantities can cause vomiting and diarrhea (possibly with blood) and mental depression
  • Holly – Can result in intense vomiting, diarrhea and mental depression
  • Mistletoe (Phoradendron) – Can result in significant vomiting and diarrhea.  Can also cause difficulty breathing, slowed heart rate, collapse and possible death.  Other potential symptoms are erratic behavior and possible hallucinations.
  • Poinsettia (Euphorbia) – Can result in irritation to the mouth, stomach and sometimes vomiting. It has a low level of toxicity and is overrated as a toxic plant.

Mildly Toxic

  • American Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens) – Can result in weakness, vomiting and seizures
  • Autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale) – Ingestion of the bulbs can cause mouth irritation, blooding vomiting, diarrhea, shock, kidney failure, liver damage and bone marrow suppression
  • Burning bush (Euronymous alatus) – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression and lack of appetite
  • Christmas rose (Helleborus niger) – Can cause abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody diarrhea and delirium
  • Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium) – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression, drooling and lack of appetite
  • European Bittersweet (Solanum dulcamara) – Can cause drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, depression, lack of appetite, weakness, confusion and low heart rate
  • Jerusalem cherry (Solanum pseudocapsicuni) – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, mental depression, seizures, mouth ulcers, respiratory depression, shock and death
  • Thanksgiving cactus (Zygocactus truncactus) – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea and depression

Sending Flowers – Are They Safe?

When talking about plants and animals it’s important to consider cut flowers too.  These are frequently overlooked because they are more temporary.  However, they can also be very dangerous to your dogs.

Mildly Toxic

  • Baby’s Breath – Can cause vomiting and diarrhea
  • Bird of Paradise – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea or staggering
  • Calla Lily – Can cause irritation of the mouth and throat, vomiting and drooling
  • Carnation – Can result in vomiting, diarrhea, drooling and lack of appetite
  • Chrysanthemum – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling and lack of appetite
  • Daisy – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, staggering and lack of appetite
  • Eucalyptus – Can cause vomiting and diarrhea
  • Gladiola – Can result in vomiting, diarrhea, drooling and abdominal pain
  • Iris – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling and abdominal pain
  • Tulip – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, drooling and lack of appetite

Moderately – Severely Toxic

  • Daffodil – Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, shivering or muscle tremors
  • Lily – Can cause vomiting, lack of appetite and kidney failure
  • Hydrangea – These flowers contain cyanide and can be very serious.  Can cause vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite or collapse.

We know that you don’t intentionally bring dangerous things into your house, but the fact is that many people just don’t know what kinds of “normal” things can be dangerous for us dogs.

Hopefully, this list will help you avoid problems in the future.

If you know of any other plants or flowers that we should be avoiding, please leave a comment so we can all be of it!

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